Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, U.S. Malcolm X was martyred on February 21, 1965, in New York City.
Malcolm was an African American leader and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam, who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s.Video: Malcolm X: Our History Was Destroyed by Slavery
WNYC Radio unearthed a 1960s interview between the civil rights leader and a
reporter named Eleanor Fischer.
Diary of Malcolm X: 1964
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Edited by Herb Boyd & Ilyasah Al-Shabazz, Foreword by Haki Madhubuti
Hardcover: 260 pages
Publisher: Third World Press (November 15, 2013)
Product Dimensions: 0.8 x 5.9 x 8.9 inches
The heart of the book is Malcolm's impressions, his personal observations on the people he meets and the circumstances he encounters, his own feelings of trepidation and inadequacy. There are segments in which the book will be complemented by passages from Malcolm's autobiography, though in our book his immediate reactions have not been disturbed by editors. And in several ways and instances the diary amplifies the autobiography.
by Ilyasah Shabazz (Author),
AG Ford (Illustrator)
Age Range: 6 - 10 years
Grade Level: 1 - 5
Hardcover: 48 pages
Publisher: Atheneum Books for Young Readers (January 7, 2014)
Product Dimensions: 11.1 x 9.2 x 0.6 inches
Malcolm X grew to be one of America’s most influential figures. But first, he was a boy named Malcolm Little. Written by his daughter, this inspiring picture book biography celebrates a vision of freedom and justice.
Bolstered by the love and wisdom of his large, warm family, young Malcolm Little was a natural born leader. But when confronted with intolerance and a series of tragedies, Malcolm’s optimism and faith were threatened. He had to learn how to be strong and how to hold on to his individuality. He had to learn self-reliance.
Together with acclaimed illustrator AG Ford, Ilyasah Shabazz gives us a unique glimpse into the childhood of her father, Malcolm X, with a lyrical story that carries a message that resonates still today—that we must all strive to live to our highest potential.
Any Means Necessary - Malcolm X: Real, Not Reinvented
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Paperback: 280 pages
Publisher: Third World Press (January 1, 2012)
Product Dimensions: 8.9 x 6 x 0.7 inches
Compiled as a response to
controversial new biography of Malcolm X, more than 30 noted scholars
from the African American community offer their opinions on Marable’s
portrayal of the man whose short life still inspires speculation of what
might have been.
Contributors include: Imam Al-Hajj Talib Abdur-Rashid, Mumia Abu-Jamal, Abdul Alkalimat, Molefi Kete Asante, Rick Ayers, Bryonn Bain, Amiri Baraka, Aslaku Berhanu, Amir Bey, Todd Steven Burroughs, Ta-Nehisi Coates, William Jelani Cobb, Karl Evanzz, Iyaluua and Herman Ferguson, Bill Flectcher, Jr., Glen Ford, Rhone Fraser, Wil Haygood, Kelly Harris, Errol A. Henderson, Fred Hord, Peter James Hudson, Ezra Hyland, Regina Jennings, Peniel E. Joseph, Clyde Ledbetter Jr., Fred Logan, Kevin McGruder, Starla Muhammad, Nell Irvin Painter, Imani Perry, Gregory J. Reed, Sonia Sanchez, Diane D. Turner, Ilyasah Shabazz.
X: A Life of Reinvention
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Hardcover: 608 pages
Publisher: Viking Adult (April 4, 2011)
Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 6.1 x 2.1 inches
Years in the making-the definitive biography of the legendary black activist.
Of the great figure in twentieth-century American history perhaps none is more complex and controversial than Malcolm X. Constantly rewriting his own story, he became a criminal, a minister, a leader, and an icon, all before being felled by assassins' bullets at age thirty-nine. Through his tireless work and countless speeches he empowered hundreds of thousands of black Americans to create better lives and stronger communities while establishing the template for the self-actualized, independent African American man. In death he became a broad symbol of both resistance and reconciliation for millions around the world.
Manning Marable's new biography of Malcolm is a stunning achievement. Filled with new information and shocking revelations that go beyond the Autobiography, Malcolm X unfolds a sweeping story of race and class in America, from the rise of Marcus Garvey and the Ku Klux Klan to the struggles of the civil rights movement in the fifties and sixties. Reaching into Malcolm's troubled youth, it traces a path from his parents' activism through his own engagement with the Nation of Islam, charting his astronomical rise in the world of Black Nationalism and culminating in the never-before-told true story of his assassination. Malcolm X will stand as the definitive work on one of the most singular forces for social change, capturing with revelatory clarity a man who constantly strove, in the great American tradition, to remake himself anew.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley
Mass Market Paperback: 496 pages
Publisher: Ballantine Books;
Reissue edition (October 12, 1987)
A major resurgence in Malcolm X interest has led to the publication of this special commemorative edition of the black leader's autobiography. With a new epilogue written by Alex Haley just prior to his death, this book stands as the definitive statement of a movement and a man whose work was never completed, but whose message is timeless. (Ballantine Books)
"Through a life of passion and struggle, Malcolm X became one of the most influential figures of the 20th Century. In this riveting account, he tells of his journey from a prison cell to Mecca, describing his transition from hoodlum to Muslim minister. Here, the man who called himself "the angriest Black man in America" relates how his conversion to true Islam helped him confront his rage and recognize the brotherhood of all mankind.
An established classic of modern America, The Autobiography of Malcolm X was hailed by the New York Times as "Extraordinary. A brilliant, painful, important book." Still extraordinary, still important, this electrifying story has transformed Malcolm X's life into his legacy. The strength of his words, the power of his ideas continue to resonate more than a generation after they first appeared."
Video: Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet Speech
"The Ballot or The Bullet" was a speech by Malcolm X mostly about black nationalism delivered April 12, 1964 in Detroit, Michigan.
By Any Means Necessary
(Malcolm X speeches & writings)
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Paperback: 209 pages
Publisher: Pathfinder Press (NY); 2 edition (September 1, 1992)
Product Dimensions: 8.1 x 5.2 x 0.7 inches
The imperialists know the only way you will voluntarily turn to the fox is to show you a wolf. In eleven speeches and interviews, Malcolm X presents a revolutionary alternative to this reformist trap, taking up political alliances, women's rights, U.S. intervention in the Congo and Vietnam, capitalism and socialism, and more.
(1992) - DVD
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Angela Bassett, Al Freeman Jr., Sonny Jim Gaines, Albert Hall
Directors: Spike Lee
Format: Anamorphic, Closed-captioned, Color, Dolby, DVD, HiFi Sound, Widescreen, NTSC
Language: English (Dolby Digital 5.1)
Subtitles: English, French
Region: Region 1 (U.S. and Canada only)
Rating: PG-13 (Parental Guidance Suggested)
Studio: Warner Home Video
DVD Release Date: January 18, 2000
Run Time: 202 minutes
Amazon.com essential video
Just as Do the Right Thing was the capstone of Spike Lee's earlier career, Malcolm X marked the next milestone in the filmmaker's artistic maturity. It seemed everything Lee had done up to that point was to prepare him for this epic biography of America's fiery civil-rights leader, who is superbly played by Oscar-nominated Denzel Washington, from his early days as a zoot-suited hustler known as "Detroit Red" to his spiritual maturity after his pilgrimage to Mecca, as a Black Muslim by the name of El Hajj Malik El Shabazz. Do the Right Thing climaxed with the photographic images of Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King engulfed by flames of rage; Malcolm X explores the genesis and evolution of that rage over Malcolm's lifetime, and how these two great figures--held up to the public as polar-opposites within the African American human rights movement (King for nonviolent civil disobedience, Malcolm for achieving equality "by any means necessary")--were each essential to the agenda of the other. Lee careens from the hedonistic ebullience of Malcolm's early days to the stark despair of prison, from his life-changing conversion to Islam to his emergence as a dynamic political leader--all with an epic sweep and vitality that illuminates personal details as well as political ideology. Angela Bassett is also terrific as Malcolm's wife, Betty Shabazz. --Jim Emerson
Filmmaker Spike Lee star Denzel Washington (the New York Boston and Chicago Film Critics' choice as 1992's Best Actor) and other talents vividly portray the life and times of the visionary leader. "One of the decade's best and most important films." (Arch Campbell WRC-TV/Washington D.C.) One of the most charismatic and politically controversial voices in history Malcolm X burst into the public consciousness with a radical perspective on race relations in America. His inspiring and enlightening ideologies touched and continue to influence the lives of millions. The New York Film Critic's Circle awarded Denzel Washington Best Actor for his role in what Newsday calls "an extraordinary movie...powerful and compelling. Denzel Washington's performance is a tour de force!"Running Time: 203 min.System Requirements:Starring: Denzel Washington Tommy Hollis Ernest Thomas James McDaniel Angela Bassett Albert Hall Spike Lee Delroy Lindo Al Freeman Jr. Theresa Randle Lonette McKee and Kate Vernon.
Seventh Child: A Family Memoir of Malcolm X by Rodnell P. Collins with
A. Peter Bailey
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Format: Paperback, 240pp.
Publisher:Kensington Publishing Corporation
Pub. Date: January 2002
A family memoir of Malcolm X
Rodnell P. Collins, nephew Of Malcolm X with A. Peter Bailey
Malcolm X The Man Behind The Myth
A Loving Sister's Blood Memories of a Challenged "son"
His Controversial Analysis about American Foreign Policy
Never-Before-Published Family Photographs and Letters
Seventh Child, Seventh Son: A Family Memoir of Malcolm X. offers invaluable contribution and insight to one of twentieth century Americas most charismatic, controversial and provocative figure. On Malcolm X Of the forty publications in eight languages, none provided such insight on a man and his time's, excepting, his own Autobiography. Through the eyes of a compassionate loving sister, Ella Little-Collins, knew him best and her son, Rodnell Collins, to whom Malcolm X was a much-loved and admired uncle and mentor,
Ella's enduring and tenacious loyalty to her brother permeate the entire book. She was Malcolm's protreptic, not his inhibitor, Malcolm-Little (the child) was an inherent pedagogue, Ella felt. To accomplish this task she became his legal guardian brought Malcolm into her home after their father was lynched and Malcolm mother was Institutionalized, Late in his teenage years he Was very rebellious, this contributed to his incarceration to prison, Ella arranged for his transfer to a progressive prison colony, with a large open library, the prison. offered University course's in theology, Malcolm debated University students, and received his certificate in theology from one of the participating Universities.
While in the nation of Islam, Ella often served as confidant he confided his growing concerns about the rampant corruption in nation of Islam headquarters. Ella and Rodnell lived those moments with Malcolm and his family, when attempts were made on his life, The night Malcolm's home was fire bomb, his sister and nephew came to their rescue. Rodnell along with members of Malcolm's organization were publicly attacked by three car loads of nation of, Islam thugs and informants in Boston, Massachusetts trying to make and attempt on the life Of Malcolm X 1964. It was his sister Ella who finance his trips abroad and to the Holy city of Mecca Saudi Arabia.
In the early dawn hours before Malcolm's assassination Ella and Rodnell were his discussant's, on the human-right's violations of Africans Americans and Native Americans by the Untied States, an issue he intended to bring before The United Nations World Court. A public pronouncement, he make in relationship to that, The African and Asian American Diaspora and their connection to United States foreign policy, the two speeches both In New York City, April 8, 1964 and December 12, 1964 "Communication and Reality", he knew his pronouncement and position with the N.O.I. at that time may I mean his life, Malcolm forebode, Ella, that of my death " I feel like a grain of sand on the sea shore, if in someway I have change the course of the tide" It would have been with his life, he knew he had to answer to god for any of his own mistakes the import of those words did not take heart of Ella in those early hours before his death that day, But it would come.
African and Asian numeral science and the science of cosmology use base numeral seven. It is practiced among these society the seventh child or son will emerge and perform great works or a leader. Malcolm X was his father's seventh child.
Twenty five years before her death, in august 1996, Ella worked on a memoir of her brother and the little family through the generations with several author's James Baldwin, Louis Lomax, and Art Aveilhe to no avail. A first cousin, educator Oscar V. Little, began researching the Little family genealogy, she was enthusiastic and elated when his diligence came to fruition with the discovery of great-grandparents, Tony and Clarrie, and family primogenitor AJAR, brought from West Africa to enslavement in the Carolina's. in early 1800s. " It was Malcolm found wish to know his ancestor who first arrived on these shores", Ella told Rodnell, whose earliest memory of his uncle being held in his arms as an Infant while Ma prepared family dinner". When illness incapacitated his mother in the mid 1980s, Rodnell inherited the memoir project. Ella L. Little Collins passed all archived information, Letters, Photographs, several documents and her memories on to him. " I became as committed to the project she cherished all those years". --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
X: Make It Plain
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Hardcover: 240 pages
Publisher: Viking Adult (January 26, 1994)
Product Dimensions: 11.4 x 8.9 x 0.8 inches
Shipping Weight: 2.8 pounds
In a trend that could easily be described as Malcolmania, here is another
book about the legendary leader, prophet, and teacher. While the book is
heavily illustrated (it is in fact a tie-in to the PBS "American Experience"
documentary on Malcolm that aired in January), this tome is more than just a
photographic essay. Malcolm's story is interestingly told in a text
chockfull of snippets: "In Their Own Words" from family, close friends,
colleagues, acquaintances, and those Malcolm X influenced. Many of the
photographs have been reproduced in other publications, but there are also
less frequently published images of Malcolm at work and of the people he
worked with. Seeing Malcolm in action in these photographs will be as
powerful for the reader as reading his words. Even if you have bought other
photo-essays like Thulani Davis's Malcolm X: The Great Photographs ( LJ
2/93), this would be a worthwhile purchase to round out any black studies
Recommended. - Corinne Nelson, "Library Journal" Copyright 1994 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Malcolm X's Eulogy
Delivered by Ossie Davis
Faith Temple Church Of God
Ossie Davis's eulogy for Malcolm X
(the ending of the Malcolm X movie)
It is not in the memory of man that this beleaguered, unfortunate, but nonetheless proud community has found a braver, more gallant young champion than this Afro-American who lies before us - unconquered still. I say the word again, as he would want me to : Afro-American - Afro-American Malcolm, who was a master, was most meticulous in his use of words. Nobody knew better than he the power words have over minds of men. Malcolm had stopped being a 'Negro' years ago. It had become too small, too puny, too weak a word for him. Malcolm was bigger than that. Malcolm had become an Afro-American and he wanted - so desperately - that we, that all his people, would become Afro-Americans too.
There are those who will consider it their duty, as friends of the Negro people, to tell us to revile him, to flee, even from the presence of his memory, to save ourselves by writing him out of the history of our turbulent times. Many will ask what Harlem finds to honor in this stormy, controversial and bold young captain - and we will smile. Many will say turn away - away from this man, for he is not a man but a demon, a monster, a subverter and an enemy of the black man - and we will smile. They will say that he is of hate - a fanatic, a racist - who can only bring evil to the cause for which you struggle! And we will answer and say to them : Did you ever talk to Brother Malcolm? Did you ever touch him, or have him smile at you? Did you ever really listen to him? Did he ever do a mean thing? Was he ever himself associated with violence or any public disturbance? For if you did you would know him. And if you knew him you would know why we must honor him.
Malcolm was our manhood, our living, black manhood! This was his meaning to his people. And, in honoring him, we honor the best in ourselves. Last year, from Africa, he wrote these words to a friend: 'My journey', he says, 'is almost ended, and I have a much broader scope than when I started out, which I believe will add new life and dimension to our struggle for freedom and honor and dignity in the States. I am writing these things so that you will know for a fact the tremendous sympathy and support we have among the African States for our Human Rights struggle. The main thing is that we keep a United Front wherein our most valuable time and energy will not be wasted fighting each other.' However we may have differed with him - or with each other about him and his value as a man - let his going from us serve only to bring us together, now.
Consigning these mortal remains to earth, the common mother of all, secure in the knowledge that what we place in the ground is no more now a man - but a seed - which, after the winter of our discontent, will come forth again to meet us. And we will know him then for what he was and is - a Prince - our own black shining Prince! - who didn't hesitate to die, because he loved us so."