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Astrology as practiced by the Mayans, Hindus and Egyptians was the fusion of Mysticism and Science to create a Cosmology


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All below quotes are from Georges Ifrah's  The Universal history of Numbers


ARE THERE MYSTICAL REASONS FOR BASE 60? Sacred numbers played a major role in Mesopotamian civilisations; Sumerian mathematics developed in the context of number-mysticism; and so it is tempting to see some kind o freligious or mystical basis for the sexagesimal system. Sumerian mathematics, like astrology, cannot be disentangled from numerology, with which it has reciprocal relations. 


Therefore it is by no means impossible that certain of the Chinese number-signs may have had essentially magical or religious roots, and were directly related to an ancient Chinese number-mysticism. Each number sign, according to its graphical form, would have represented the “reality” of the corresponding number-form.


Maya science was practised in the high temples: astronomy was what the priests did. Mayan achievements in astronomy, including the invention of one of the best calendars the world has ever seen, were part and parcel of their mystical and religious beliefs. The Maya did not think of time as a purely abstract means of ordering events into a methodical sequence. 

In fact, we will see that these major discoveries stem from the incessant study of astronomy, poetry, metric theory, literature, phonetics, grammar, philosophy or mysticism, and even astrology, cosmology and mythology all at once


In short, Indian science was born out of a mystical and religious culture and the etymology ofthe Sanskrit words used to describe numbers and the science of numbers bears witness to this fact. Together, the discoveries in question represent the culmination of the uniqueness, wealth and incredible diversity ofIndian culture.

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The following is from the Wisdom Library.



Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prāṇa (प्राण):—1. Vitality. 2. Breath of life , 3. Spirit 4. Life


Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Prāṇa (प्राण) refers to 4 seconds, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa)-Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must have a correct, knowledge of a yuga (43,20,000 Solar years), varṣa (a solar year), āyana (6 solar months), ṛtu (2 solar months), māsa (a solar month), pakṣa (15 solar days), ahorātra (a solar day), yama (one-eighth of a solar day), muhūrta (one-thirtieth of a solar day), nāḍī (one-sixtieth of a solar day or 24 minutes), vināḍi (one sixtieth of a nāḍī or 24 seconds), prāṇa (4 seconds) truṭi (33, 75th of a second) and parts of a truṭi and other divisions of time and also of divisions of space”.


Sanskrit dictionary

Prāṇa (प्राण).—1 Breath, respiration.

2) The breath of life, vitality, life, vital air, principle of life 

6) The spirit or soul

7) The Supreme Spirit

10) The life or essence of poetry, poetical talent or genius; inspiration

13) A breath as a measure of time.

Note that Prana is both life force and related to Sidereal time of 4 seconds


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