“Jazz is my religion.”
Theodore “Ted” Joans was born in Cairo, Illinois on July 4, 1928. He was an jazz poet, surrealist, trumpeter, and painter. His work stands at the intersection of several avant-garde streams and some have seen in it a precursor to the orality of the spoken-word movement, however he criticized the competitive aspect of “slam” poetry. Joans recieved the American Book Award for his book of poems Teducation, in 2001.