Book Review: Louise Thompson Patterson: A Life of Struggle for Justice
Publication Date: Oct 05, 2017
List Price: $94.95
Format: Hardcover, 328 pages
Imprint: Duke University Press Books
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Parent Company: Duke University
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Book Reviewed by Brenda M. Greene
To study her story is to witness the courage, sacrifice, vision and discipline of someone who spent decades working to achieve justice and liberation for all people (Gilyard 5).”
The words above are in the introduction to Keith Gilyard’s comprehensive biography of the life of Louise Thompson Patterson, a dynamic and transformative radical Black woman who spent decades as a social activist. Born in 1901, Louise Thompson Patterson made her transition in 1999.
Part of Gilyard’s goal in writing Louise Thomas Patterson, A Life of Struggle for Justice (Duke University Press, 2017), are in his words “…getting some of the major facts straight and illustrating her formidable activism (3).” To accomplish this, Gilyard spent years reading her unpublished memoir, unpublished materials, published articles, and FBI records; listening to audiotapes and videotapes; and interviewing many people. What emerges is a rich biography that provides detailed descriptions of key components of Patterson’s activist life.
As a young very fair-skinned child Patterson experienced incidents of racism and isolation in various states in the West: Nevada, Utah, Idaho, and Oregon and grew up with a sense of rebellion and isolation. She also confronted conflicted racial and class attitudes while in high school in Sacramento. By the time she graduated from high school she understood loneliness, poverty, patriarchy and racial discrimination. She came face to face with Jim Crow racism and the exploitation of the southern sharecropping system when she took a job at Pine Bluff Agricultural, Mechanical and Normal School in Arkansas. One could say that the seeds for her life of socialist radicalism were fertilized and dispersed in the West and became full-blown in Arkansas. Upon taking a job, Patterson began to participate in radical movements and projects and to fight against the waves of Jim Crow.
Patterson surrounded herself with public intellectuals, activists, writers and artists. Many were her mentees and colleagues and included people such as W.E.B. DuBois, Augusta Savage, Aaron Davis, Arna Bontemps, Langston Hughes, William James Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston, Esther Cooper Jackson and John Oliver Killens.
An advocate and organizer, she was involved in labor unions as well as the Communist Party and survived the McCarthy era and the anti- Paul Robeson hysteria. She viewed political socialism as a way to eradicating poverty, racism and sexism and played a crucial role in the Direct Action Campaign for the Scottsboro Nine Direct Action Black males who were falsely accused of rape and in the efforts to free political prisoner Angela Davis. She organized a trip for a group of writers and activists to Russia, was a political worker during the Harlem Renaissance.
Gilyard’s expertise in biography comes into play in this book. As in his book, John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Activism, the strength of this biography lays in Gilyard’s examination of the emotional and personal life his subject. As readers we come to understand why Louise Thomas Patterson became so passionate about her life’s work and we are drawn to her as she moves from project to project, tirelessly, not stopping even as her health began to fail. During her late years she continued to be mindful of a wide array of issues beginning with health care, affirmative action, sanctions against apartheid, racial discrimination in the banks and police force and Operation Desert Storm. Gilyard closes the book with a quote that Patterson gave to the filmmaker Louis Massiah. “What I would like to leave you is a feeling that whatever small contribution I have made has not been a sacrifice – it has been a pleasure… (229).” This is a must read for anyone who wants to understand the struggles endured by our activist leaders.
Dr. Keith Gilyard is Erwin Erle Sparks Professor English and African American Studies at Pennsylvania State University and the author and editor of numerous books including True to the Language Game: African American Discourse, Cultural Politics and Pedagogy and John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism.
Dr. Brenda M. Greene is Professor and Chair of the English Department, Founder and Executive Director of the Center for Black Literature and Director of the National Black Writers Conference at Medgar Evers College, CUNY. Her research and scholarship are in African American literature and composition and rhetoric.