The Harlem Renaissance

Originally known as the “The New Negro Movement,” The Harlem Renaissance marked a period (abt. 1919 to 1933) where African-American artistic expression was redefined.  The Harlem Renaissance also marked a period of tremendous quantity and quality of literary output. Alain LeRoy Locke was known as “The Father of the Harlem Renaissance.”

You’ll find information on many of the prominent authors of the Harlem Renaissance on AALBC. For more books on the Harlem Renaissance or if you are looking for a specific author book, use our search engine, or our Authors Page.

Also check out Zora Neale Hurston’s Glossary of Harlem Slang, the Harlem Renaissance Related Links


The New NegroThe New Negro: Voices of the Harlem Renaissance
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Alain LeRoy Locke (Editor), Arnold Rampersad (Introduction)

Paperback: 452 pages
Publisher: Touchstone (March 1, 1999)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0684838311
ISBN-13: 978-0684838311
Product Dimensions: 4.4 x 1.2 x 7 inches

An interpretative anthology that acted as a manifesto for the Harlem Renaissance defines the artistic and social goals of the New Negro Movement of the 1920s.

A Description from Scared Fire
Alain Locke is the acknowledged Father of the Harlem Renaissance. A highly educated man and the first African American to be awarded a Rhodes scholarship, Locke served as the bridge between a burgeoning literary expression centered in Harlem, New York, and the mainstream literary world. He brought the star writers of the renaissance, including Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, and Claude McKay, broad literary attention and patrons wealthy supporters who provided financial support for struggling writers and artists. In this landmark anthology, Locke set forth the defining characteristics of the new Negro who was emerging in America’s northern cities: literary, artistic, cosmopolitan, and urbane.

Published in 1925, The New Negro is an anthology of poems, stories, and essays edited by Locke that includes such luminaries as W. E. B. Du Bois, James Weldon Johnson, Angelina Grimke, Hughes, Cullen, and McKay. It became a "Who’s Who" of the Harlem Renaissance and its defining text. Like the renaissance itself, The New Negro was a symbol of the literary fruit of the great migration of blacks from the rural South to the urban North. Locke was sure that Harlem was fast becoming a new mecca of black artistry and one of the world&#39s cultural capitals, an assertion that was not hard to argue on the basis of the outstanding work represented in this volume.

The best of the work created during the renaissance -- the criticism of Du Bois, the poetry of Johnson and Hughes, the fiction of McKay -- has endured. And the Harlem of the 1920s and 1930s remains one of the iconic places in African American history: full of jazz, creativity, and beautiful black people on the move. But what became of the new Negro, that artful and cosmopolitan urbanite? There were lofty expectations, to be sure, but in retrospect and beyond the stardust, the Harlem Renaissance presented to the new Negro a hard lesson: the real work of the culture lay in assuring its permanence, not just basking in the flow of transient praise and voguishness. The artists of the renaissance were heavily dependent on the patronage of their fellow New Yorkers downtown, and Harlem&#39s renaissance died out with onset of the Great Depression, when the patronage stopped flowing in even as Harlem&#39s most enduring artists continued to produce important work. Nevertheless, the spirit of the so-called new Negro, the spirit of vital black urban creativity embodied in the works found in this collection, lives on. 



Fire-magazineFire!! Devoted to the Younger Negro Artists
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Edited by Wallace Thurman

Publisher: Fire Pr; Facsimile Edition edition (June 1985)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0912607009
ISBN-13: 978-0912607009
Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8.3 x 0.2 inches
Shipping Weight: 5.6 ounces

FIRE!! was one of the most important publications of the Harlem Renaissance. It was created in 1926 by a young group of African American artists and writers including Wallace Thurman, Lewis Alexander (Contributor), Gwendolyn Bennett (Contributor), Arna Bontemps (Contributor), Countee Cullen (Contributor), Waring Cuney (Contributor), Aaron Douglas (Illustrator), Arthur Huff Fauset (Contributor) , Langston Hughes (Contributor), Zora Neale Hurston (Contributor), Helene Johnson (Contributor), Richard Bruce Nugent (Illustrator), Edward Silvera (Contributor).


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